Acetazolamide is a diuretic class of drugs that can be used to prevent and reduce altitude sickness symptoms, such as headaches, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting, and shortness of breath. This symptom is usually experienced by someone who climbs to a plateau (above 3,000 meters above sea level) at a speed that is too fast.

When climbing is done too fast, the body does not have enough time to adapt to air pressure and low oxygen levels at altitude. This causes a leak of fluid in the capillary arteries. This fluid will spread to the brain, lungs, and other parts of the body, accumulate, to eventually cause symptoms of altitude sickness. Acetazolamide works by reducing the buildup of the liquid.

In addition, acetazolamide can be combined with other drugs to treat glaucoma and control seizures in epilepsy.

Trademark: Glauseta

About Acetazolamide
Group: Diuretic
Category: Prescription Drug


  • Prevent and relieve symptoms of altitude sickness.
  • Dealing with glaucoma and epilepsy.

Consumed by: adults
Category C pregnancy and lactation: Studies in animal studies show side effects on the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected amount of benefit exceeds the risk to the fetus.

Acetazolamide can be absorbed into breast milk, may not be used during breastfeeding.
Form medicine: Tablet


  • Be careful using acetazolamide if you have or are experiencing hypokalemia, hyponatremia, acidosis, liver disorders, kidney disorders, cirrhosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, and diabetes.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking other drugs, especially sulfonamide antibiotics and aspirin.
  • The use of acetazolemide in elderly patients should be with the advice and supervision of a doctor.
  • Avoid driving or operating machinery while undergoing treatment with acetazolamide, because this drug can cause drowsiness.
  • This drug can reduce potassium levels in the body. During treatment, multiply eating foods or drinks that contain lots of potassium, such as bananas or orange juice.
  • If an allergic reaction or overdose occurs after taking acetazolamide, see a doctor immediately.

Acetazolamide dose

The Acetazolamide dose varies for each patient. The following are common doses of Acetazolamide for several conditions:

Prevent and relieve symptoms of altitude sickness
Adults: 500-1000 mg per day, which is divided into several consumption schedules. It is recommended to take 1-2 days before climbing. If needed, it can be continued for 2 days while in the highlands.

Epilepsy and glaucoma
Adults: 250-1000 mg per day, which is divided into several consumption schedules. Can be taken as a single drug or in combination with other drugs.
Children over 12 years: 8-30 mg / kg, in doses divided into several consumption schedules. The maximum dose is 750 mg per day.

Adults: 230-375 mg, once a day.

Take Acetazolamide Correctly

In taking acetazolamide, follow the doctor’s advice and read the instructions printed on the drug packaging.

Acetazolamide can be consumed before or after meals.

Be sure to take acetazolamide at the same time every day, so that the treatment results are maximal. For patients who forget to take acetazolamide, it is recommended to do it immediately as soon as they remember, if the next consumption schedule is not too close. If it’s close, ignore it and don’t double the dose.

See a doctor immediately if symptoms don’t improve.

Drug Interactions

The following are interactions that can occur when using acetazolemide with other drugs:

  • Increases blood phenytoin levels and the risk of osteomalacia.
  • Potentially increasing the side effects of antifolate drugs, such as pyrimethamine.
  • Can reduce the effectiveness of lithium.
  • Increases the risk of kidney stones, if taken with sodium bicarbonate.
  • Increase the levels of the drug ciclosporin in the blood.
  • Increases the risk of anorexia, acidosis, coma, or death, if taken with high-dose aspirin.

Recognize Side Effects and Dangers of Acetazolamide

Side effects that may arise after consuming acetazolamide are:

  • Sleepy
  • Confusion
  • Anorexia
  • Seizures
  • Tingling
  • Sensitive to sunlight
  • Limp
  • Paralysis

See more about:

  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
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Ambroxol is one of the drugs that enter the mucolytic group, which is a drug that functions to thin the phlegm. Ambroxol is commonly used to treat respiratory disorders due to excessive phlegm production in conditions such as bronchiectasis and emphysema. With mucolytic drugs, the phlegm produced will be more watery so that it is more easily removed from the throat when coughing. Thus, the respiratory tract is more open and feels relieved.

Trademarks: Brommer 30, Cystelis, Epexol, Epexol Forte, Galpect, Lapimuc, Mucera, Mucopect, Mucopect Retard, Mucos, Promuxol, Propect, Roverton, Silopect, Silopect Forte, Transbroncho, Berea, Limoxin, Mosapec, Ambril, Betalitik, Broncozol , Broxal, Molapec, Mucoxol, Sohopec, Ambroxol Indo Farma, Bronchopront, Broxal, Interpec, Mucolica, Nufanibrox, Transmuco

About Ambroxol

Group: Cough and cold preparations

Category: Prescription medicine

Benefits: Diluting the phlegm to make it easier to pass through coughing so that it relieves the respiratory tract. This drug is used in several conditions that produce a lot of phlegm, such as bronchiectasis, emphysema, chronic and acute bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis, and bronchitis pneumoconiosis.

Consumed by: Adults and children

Categories of pregnancy and lactation: Category C: Studies in animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women. The drug should only be used if the expected amount of benefit exceeds the risk to the fetus.


  • For pregnant and lactating women, adjust to the doctor’s advice. Pregnant women with fetuses who are within the first twelve weeks of age, are advised not to take this medicine.
  • Ask the doctor about the dose of ambroxol for children.
  • Please be careful for people with ulcers or peptic ulcers.
  • If an allergic reaction or overdose occurs, see a doctor immediately.

Ambroxol dose

For adults, the dosage is usually given as much as 30 to 120 mg per day. The dose will be adjusted to the patient’s condition, the severity and the body’s response to the drug. In pediatric patients, the dose will also be adjusted according to their weight.
Take Ambroxol properly

Follow the doctor’s advice and read the information printed on the ambroxol package before starting to consume it. Take ambroxol during meals or after meals.

Make sure there is enough time between one dose and the next. Try to consume ambroxol at the same hour every day to maximize its effects.

For patients who forget to take ambroxol, it is recommended to do it immediately if paused with the next consumption schedule not too close. If it’s close, ignore it and don’t double the dose of ambroxol.

Take ambroxol according to the time period determined by the doctor. This drug is not recommended for long-term use.

Drug Interactions

The use of ambroxol along with antibiotics, such as cefuroxime, amoxicillin, doxycyclin, and erythromycin, can increase the concentration of antibiotics in lung tissue.

The use of ambroxol along with cough reflex suppressants is not recommended.

Recognize the Side Effects and Dangers of Ambroxol

Ambroxol can sometimes cause side effects in the form of disorders of the digestive system, such as nausea, vomiting and heartburn. But these side effects are generally relatively mild.

See more about:

  • Cough
  • Bronchitis


Anti diabetic drug Acarbose is used to treat type 2 diabetes. Acarbose serves to control blood sugar levels by way of slowing down the process of digestion of carbohydrates into sugar compounds that are more simple, so as to help lower blood sugar levels after eating.

To control diabetes, acarbose may be used along with other drugs, such as insulin, metformin, or glibenklamid. If blood sugar levels can be controlled, so diabetics can avoid diabetes complications, such as kidney failure, stroke, blindness, nerve damage, heart attacks, loss of balance, and impotence. This medication must be consumed in accordance with a prescription, and are not intended for diabetics who are aged 18 years and under.

Trademarks: Acrios, Acarbose, Capribose, Ditrium, Glubose, Carbotrap, Glucobay

About Acarbose

  • Group: Antidiabetic
  • Category: Prescription Drug
  • Benefits: Control blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetics
  • Consumed by: adults
  • Categories of pregnancy and breastfeeding: Category B: Studies in experimental animals do not show a risk to the fetus, but there have been no controlled studies in pregnant women. It is not yet known whether or not acarbose can be absorbed into breast milk. However, pregnant women are advised not to take this medicine.
  • Tablet Shape


  • Tell the doctor if you have an allergy to this medicine.
  • Notify physician if suffering from kidney disorders, liver disorders, intestinal obstruction, disruption of food absorption, hernia intestinal inflammation, as well as kolisitis such as colitis or Crohn’s disease.
  • Consumption of candy or syrup in case of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels too) for taking acarbose.
  • Tell the doctor if you’re using any other medicines, including supplements and herbs products.
  • In case of allergic reaction or an overdose after taking acarbose, soon encountered the doctor.

Acarbose Dosages

The initial dose of acarbose for patients with type 2 diabetes is 50 mg per day. Furthermore, the dose can be increased to 50 mg, 3 times a day. If the body of the sufferer are responding to treatment with both then in the span of at least 6-8 week, the dose can be increased to 100-200 mg, 3 times a day.

Taking Acarbose correctly

Follow the advice of your doctor and read the instructions that are printed on the packaging of a drug, in taking acarbose. Do not change the dose of acarbose unbeknownst to the doctor. Doses of the drug will be adjusted with a medical condition, weight, and the response of the patient’s response to treatment.

To get the maximum treatment effects, it is recommended to have a healthy diet, regular exercise, and routine blood sugar levels checked as well as urine to the physician.

Acarbose is consumed while eating, namely along the first eating suapan. When it’s difficult to swallow a drug acarbose tablets are intact, can be chewed

Make sure there is enough time distance between one dosage with the next dose. Try to consume the acarbose the same hours each day to maximize the effect.

For patients who forget taking acarbose, are advised to immediately do so remember when pause with the schedule of the next consumption not too close. If it is close, ignore and do not double the dose.

Store the medication in a cool, dry, and avoid exposure to direct sunlight, and keep out of reach of children.

Drug Interactions

Here is the interaction that can occur if using acarbose in conjunction with other drugs:

  • Increase the risk of side effects of acarbose, if used with cholestyramine and neomycin.
  • Increase the risk of hypoglycemia if used in conjunction with other anti diabetic drugs, such as glibenklamid.
  • Reduce the effectiveness of acarbose if used in conjunction with medication, such as gastrointestinal adsorbent activated carbon (charcoal) or drug digestan (amylase and pancreatin).
  • Inhibits the absorption of digoxin.

Learn about the side effects and dangers of Acarbose

Side effects that may arise after taking acarbose were:

  • Bloated stomach
  • Frequent wind
  • Gastric pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Impaired liver function
  • Nausea and vomiting

Stop the use of drugs and soon encountered the doctor when incurred bruises on the body, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, jaundice, rash or itching all over the body, swelling in the face, lips, and tongue, and breathing difficulties.

These Drugs Are Harmful To Health

When we suffer from certain diseases, forced us to consume drugs that often is a hard drug.

Some of these drugs can also deplete the nutrients stored the body that can trigger a variety of other health problems.

Here are a few drugs that are known to have side effects serious enough for the body:

1. Birth control pills
Birth control pills are one of the types of contraceptives that are able to deplete the nutrients to the body as natural neurotransmitters and sex hormones. Types of side effects caused through this drug among others, sparking panic, fatigue, depression, heart disease, nerve pain, and at high risk for developing breast cancer.

2. Blood pressure-lowering drugs
Blood pressure-lowering drugs able to deplete magnesium, calcium, and other minerals that are essential for bone strength really matters. Side effects which can be caused is osteoporosis, heart disease, muscle spasms, depression, decreased immune, and impaired vision.

3. Ulcer medication
Proton and H2 blockers are drugs that work to reduce acidity in the stomach. Blocker can deplete magnesium in the body. Magnesium deficiency can cause heart problems, high blood pressure and mood disorders.

4. Controlling cholesterol drug
Statins are a type of drug that is prescribed in patients with high cholesterol to avoid some types of heart attacks Statins are common among others, Atorvastatin (Lipitor), lovastatin (Mevacor), pravastatin (Pravachol) and. The drug is known to deplete vitamin D in the body and cause side effects